In principle there were some good ideas in what the Government sought to achieve by reviewing the ownership of England’s forests.  The Forestry Commission are a great public organisation and achieve fantastic results for a relatively small cost to the taxpayer, although we should recognise that there is also room for the private sector, in all its guises, to play a greater role in managing some forests in England.  I applaud the Government’s decision to halt the public consultation, in the face of overwhelming public pressure, which was announced earlier today.

So what went wrong?  I think there are 10 key reasons:

  1. There was no manifesto for the public forest sell-off
    It was in neither the Conservative’s or Liberal’s manifesto, and appeared from nowhere.
  2. The motives for the sell-off were not clear and changed through time
    Initially it was about money until it became apparent that it was not a cheap option, with the sell-off possibly costing more than the revenue earned.  The Government tried to suggest that the FC could not act as both regulator and commercial operator but this was a flawed and unattractive argument to the public.
  3. Big Society confusion
    Government suggested that ideologically the forests should not be owned by the state.  The public responded “we already own it, and we want the FC to carry on managing it”.  The public questioned “What is Big Society anyway?”.
  4. Charities
    Suggestions that woodlands may be taken on by NGOs such as the Woodland Trust, RSPB or the National Trust fell down when these and others said “we can’t afford to take these on and we are not sure we want to. Perhaps they were not consulted fully?
  5. Confusion and embarrassment over the 40,000 hectare sell-off
    The public were always confused by the five year commitment to dispose of 15% of state-owned forests, as this was allowed by existing law, and that this was a different matter to the sale of the remaining 85% of forests.  The fact that this was going on at the same time muddied the waters.  Ministers made the mistake of criticising the former Government for selling forests without adequate protective measures until it became clear that the 15% disposals were being made on the same basis.
  6. Lack of support within Government
    Members of Parliament across the country were angry at the lack of communication and support from Defra, seemingly being as surprised as the public about the proposals, and faced with an unprecedented public mailbag.
  7. Failure to learn from recent history and evidence
    Twice in living memory former Government’s have attempted to make major changes to forest ownership; both times without success.  A public consultation undertaken at the end of the last Government showed very strong support for the Forestry Commission.
  8. Public Bodies Bill
    The bill’s clauses relating to forestry were to give Government power to act without future consultation with parliament.  Conducting a public consultation concurrently with this major proposed reform only added to the distrust of Government’s future motives.
  9. Reputation
    The proposals clashed fundamentally with (1) the unfortunate timing of the proposals with the status of 2011 as United Nation’s Year of the Forest, (2) the connotations of the Conservative’s use of a tree as an emblem, and (3) the Government’s self-pronouncement as the greenest government.
  10. The socially-networked society
    Campaigners were able to organise reaction, keep each other informed and influence debate as never before thanks to the internet including campaigning websites, Facebook and Twitter.

Looking forward I hope that lessons are learnt and the positive opportunities taken forward. If nothing else I have welcomed the spotlight on forestry as an opportunity to raise public understanding and consciousness about the importance of trees and forests in modern society.

Gabriel Hemery


  1. The establishment – including Government & the NGOs – are having real difficulty coming to terms with what has happened: Fiona Reynolds and Matthew D’Ancona on Today R4 concluded, in line with the PM, that it was a ‘presentational issue’. They couldn’t be further off the mark – and reflect the fact that the NGOs have been left standing by this whole issue. People did not vote against the Government’s plans they voted FOR National ownership of the National Forests – and it was ‘National’ in the sense of belonging to all of us, not FC, Government or State owned – and the political arguments about state vs private ownership are way off the mark in understanding what happened.

  2. Sadly I think in the main you are correct – but at the same time I think your analysis is incomplete. I suspect it comes of being a forester perhaps! Let me add to your list things that I believe are missing. I find it a bit frightening that you have not mentioned them at all.
    11. The immense damage and fragmentation that has been inflicted on our biodiversity whether woodland or other habitats, permitted by successive governments through ignorance and pursued by the majority of landowners be they farmers, estate owners or developers.
    12. A lack of faith in the quality of private owners that would buy the estate, and their intentions, – evidenced by plenty of example as above, and the role of government in incentivising damaging outcomes through changes of planning and control rules and grants. The Planning System is utterly discreditable.
    13. The absolutely desperate need for biodiversity together with Landscape Scale management to create self sustaining and inter connected populations of flora and fauna.
    14. Sustainable management of forests and production of forest products. The concept of sustainable management simply does not accord with business philosophies or government controls and incentives.
    15. The sense of understandable pride that some people take in feeling that they have a stake in their own country and that it is not “private”. There is another sense. Why shouldn’t forest or any land for that matter be held in trust for the community or society as a whole and managed (or not managed) sympathetically for its own sake?

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